Generic Name: latanoprost
Drug Class: prostaglandin analog
The ophthalmic prescription solution Xalatan is used to reduce elevated intraocular pressure. The drug is prescribed to patients with ocular hypertension and open-angle glaucoma. As a result, blindness, vision loss, and nerve damage are reduced.
Xalatan Dosage Forms
This is available in Xalatan 50 mcg/mL ophthalmic solution.
Xalatan Mechanism of Action
The precise mechanism by which this eyedrop works is unknown. However, the selective FP prostanoid receptor agonist is believed to reduce eye pressure by increasing the outflow of aqueous humor. This lessens the likelihood of optic nerve damage and visual field loss.
How to Use Xalatan
You should read the drug information, a patient information leaflet, or a medication guide from a healthcare professional before using the eyedrop. It is important to understand the uses and directions of drugs before using them. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for further medical advice.
It is usually prescribed at night, once a day. To avoid missing doses, create a dosing schedule. Make sure you wait at least five minutes between each dose of other eye medications. Do not increase/decrease your doses or use this solution more frequently than prescribed.
Step-by-step Guide on how to use Xalatan
- Before applying eye medications, wash your hands properly.
- Open the ophthalmic solution.
- Tilt your head back a little in a position that is comfortable for you.
- Pull the lower eyelid of your affected eye down. Hold the dropper right above your eyelid, with the bottle directly above your eye. Make sure not to poke your eye with the tip of the dropper.
- Squeeze the bottle gently to release a drop.
- Slowly close your eyes and tip your head down. Take a minute or two without blinking or squinting. Keeping your eyes closed will prevent the solution from draining.
- Recap the bottle and store it correctly.
Xalatan Side Effects
Mild & Common Side Effects:
-Temporary eye itching or discomfort
-Temporary eye redness
– Feeling as if something is in the eye
-Increase in eyelash length or thickness
-Increased sensitivity to light
Severe Side Effects:
-Rapid vision changes
-Discoloration of the iris
This is not a comprehensive list of Xalatan’s side effects.
In the event of severe or persistent side effects, stop taking your medication and contact your doctor or healthcare professional.
Warnings and Precautions when using Xalatan
Do not use this prescription drug if you have a known allergic reaction to latanoprost, benzalkonium chloride, or any inactive ingredients it may contain. You should always be alert for serious allergy symptoms, including trouble breathing, swelling of your face and neck, dizziness, swollen lymph nodes and hives/itchiness. Stop using this eye medication immediately if this happens.
This medication may be contraindicated for people with a history of lens extraction or aphakia, uveitis, iritis, macular edema, and herpes infection of the eye. Due to the possibility of drug interactions, you should mention all of your prescription and non-prescription medications, supplements, and herbal products.
Your vision may temporarily be blurred or unstable after this eye drops have been administered. Practice caution when doing tasks that would need clear vision, especially driving. You must also limit drinking alcohol while using this eyedrop because doing so can aggravate certain adverse reactions.
Pregnant and breastfeeding women must only take this oral drug if absolutely necessary. Discuss all possible risks with your healthcare provider before beginning treatment.
How much does Xalatan cost?
To check for Xalatan eye drops price, you may refer to the list posted on this page.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What is Xalatan used for?
Doctors prescribe Xalatan for glaucoma and ocular hypertension. It addresses elevated intraocular pressure.
Why is Xalatan given at night?
This eyedrop reaches its peak effect 12 to 24 hours after it has been applied. Administering it at night can provide greater pressure reduction during the day.
How long should you use Xalatan?
This type of drug is usually being prescribed for long-term treatment. However, you may have to use this drug only until your doctor prescribes.
Can you use too much Xalatan?
Using too much Xalatan or applying it more often than necessary can cause eye irritation. Use this eye solution precisely as prescribed.
Does Xalatan have to be refrigerated?
You may keep your Xalatan bottle inside the refrigerator or at room temperature. Remember to store it away from direct heat or sunlight.
Do I need a prescription for Xalatan?
This product is a prescription medication. You must present a valid prescription when you purchase this product from any pharmacy.