Generic Name: nitazoxanide
Drug Class: antiprotozoal
Alinia is an oral prescription drug used to treat diarrhea caused by parasite infections Giardia lamblia or Cryptosporidium parvum. This is not indicated in treating diarrhea caused by C. parvum among immunodeficient or HIV-infected patients.
Alinia Dosage Forms
This is available in Alinia 500 mg tablets. This is usually prescribed every twelve hours for three days. Do not increase or decrease your dosing without your doctor’s advice.
Alinia Mechanism of Action
This works by interrupting the energy metabolism in anaerobic microbes. It happens by inhibiting the pyruvate: ferredoxin/flavodoxin oxidoreductase or PFOR cycle. Additionally, it induces lesions in the cell membranes while depolarizing the mitochondrial membrane and inhibiting certain enzymes.
How to Take Alinia
Before starting your Alinia treatment, it is necessary to read the information leaflet or medication guide given by a healthcare professional. You must not take this drug or any other medication unless you understand the uses and directions. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for further medical advice or additional details.
This tablet is only meant to be taken by mouth. Swallow the oral tablet and drink fluids right after.
Make a dosing schedule. The oral drug should also not be taken more often than recommended. Additionally, do not discontinue this drug abruptly. Finish the length of treatment advised by the physician.
Alinia Side Effects
Mild & Common Side Effects:
Severe Side Effects:
-Severe abdominal pain
Note that this is not a full/complete list of the side effects of Alinia.
It is important that you seek medical assistance as soon as you start experiencing these signs and symptoms.
Warnings and Precautions
Do not take this prescription drug if you have a known allergy to nitazoxanide or any inactive ingredients it may contain. Always be watchful for any signs of serious allergic reactions, including trouble breathing, swelling of the face and neck, severe dizziness, swollen lymph nodes, hives/itchiness, and skin rashes. If this occurs, stop taking this oral medication and seek emergency medical help immediately.
This medication may be contraindicated for people with a history of weakened immune system. Also, due to possible drug interactions, you should discuss all the prescription medications, nonprescription medications, supplements, and herbal products you are taking.
Pregnant and breastfeeding moms should not administer this medication unless the physician has discussed all the risks.
How much does Alinia cost in Canada?
You may see the list of Alinia prices at the top of this page. Get the best deals by purchasing your prescription drugs from PharmaPassport.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What is Alinia used for?
Physicians prescribe Alinia for parasite infections of the intestines. It relieves diarrhea caused by Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia lamblia.
Is Alinia an antibiotic?
Yes, this medication is an antiprotozoal type of antibiotic. It should not be prescribed to treat other types of infections that are caused by bacteria or fungi.
How long does it take Alinia to work?
Most people get better after finishing six doses of nitazoxanide. If your diarrhea is not relieved after 3 to 5 days, you should notify your healthcare provider.
Does Alinia treat SIBO?
Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is not among the indications of this type of medication. However, physicians prescribe Alinia for SIBO in order to address diarrhea.
How long can you take Alinia?
This antiprotozoal agent should only be used for three days. You should not take this medication longer or more frequently than prescribed.
Can I buy Alinia over the counter?
Purchasing Alinia from any local drugstore or online pharmacy will require a valid prescription from your doctor. Make sure you talk to your doctor.