Zoloft is an oral prescription drug used to treat several mental disorders, including major depressive disorder or MDD, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD, obsessive-compulsive disorder, social anxiety disorder, and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. It helps improve one’s energy level, mood, appetite, and sleep.
This is available in Zoloft 25 mg, 50 mg, and 100 mg tablets.
Zoloft Mechanism of Action
This SNRI inhibits the nerve reuptake of serotonin by potentiating the serotonergic activity in the central nervous system or CNS. This action can lead to the restoration of the balance of a certain neurotransmitter in the brain.
How to Take Zoloft
It is necessary to read the information leaflet or medication guide provided by a healthcare provider before beginning to use Zoloft. You must not take any medication unless you have read and comprehended the instructions and uses. For more medical advice or information, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
The only way to take Zoloft is by mouth. This is usually prescribed once a day and is taken either in the morning or in the evening. Zoloft should be taken with food. After swallowing the tablet completely, drink plenty of water. Crushing, chewing, or cutting this drug is not recommended.
Make a dosing schedule. Do not increase or decrease your Zoloft dosage, and do not take this oral drug more frequently than advised. You must also avoid discontinuing this mediation abruptly to avoid withdrawal symptoms.
Zoloft Side Effects
Mild & Common Side Effects:
-Loss of appetite
Severe Side Effects:
-Easy bruising or bleeding
-Unusual weight loss
Note that this is not a full/complete list of the side effects of Zoloft.
If you get severe or persistent side effects, stop taking the drug and contact your doctor or another health care expert.
Warnings and Precautions
Do not take Zoloft if you have a known allergy to sertraline or any inactive ingredients it may contain. Any indicators of major allergic reactions, such as problems breathing, swelling of the face and neck, severe dizziness, swollen lymph nodes, hives/itchiness, and skin rashes, should always be kept in mind. Stop using this oral medication and seek emergency medical treatment right away if this happens.
Zoloft may be contraindicated for people with a history of bleeding problems, liver disease, thyroid disease, seizure disorder, closed-angle glaucoma, and bipolar disorder. You should also talk about all of the prescription, nonprescription, supplement, and herbal products you’re using because of the possibility of drug interactions.
This oral drug can cause QT prolongation, which could be considered a medical emergency. Symptoms are severe dizziness and fainting. You may prevent this by staying hydrated and avoiding water pills. You should also be monitored for low levels of potassium and magnesium in the blood, as they may also lead to QT prolongation.
Dizziness, drowsiness, and vision changes are among the side effects of this SSRI. When performing duties that need clear vision and awareness, such as driving, you should use caution. Further, Zoloft and alcohol can interact and cause CNS depression. It can also increase the risk of unpleasant adverse effects. Restrict your alcohol consumption while on this treatment.
Suicidal thoughts should be monitored in patients using this oral medication for major depressive disorder. Call your local suicide hotline once you observe sudden changes in behavior, altered sleeping patterns, social withdrawal, giving away important belongings, and lack of interest in pleasurable activities.
This oral medicine should not be taken by pregnant women because it is known to harm unborn children. The same goes for breastfeeding moms because it can also pass into breastmilk.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is Zoloft used for?
Zoloft (generic: sertraline) is prescribed for depression, panic attacks, obsessive-compulsive disorder, PTSD, and social phobia. This is also used for premenstrual syndrome.
How does Zoloft work?
This SNRI improves mood, energy level, sleep, and appetite. It regulates the level of serotonin in the brain.
How long for Zoloft to work?
This type of medication does not work right away. It may take 2-6 weeks for this drug to start working.
Is Zoloft and Xanax the same thing?
These oral medications are not the same. While the former is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, Xanax belongs to the group of drugs called benzodiazepines.
Can Zoloft cause weight loss?
Although this drug can improve your appetite, it can also promote weight loss. However, if you experience unusual and sudden weight loss, you must report it to your doctor.
Can I purchase Zoloft over the counter?
You cannot purchase this oral medication over the counter. Only with a prescription is this substance available.
How much does Zoloft cost?
You may see the list of prices on this page by clicking here. To get the best deals, purchase your prescription drugs from PharmaPassport.