Jardiance (empagliflozin) is an oral prescription drug indicated to manage high blood sugar levels or improve glycemic control in adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. This is given as an adjunct to proper diet and exercise. This is also prescribed to reduce the risk of cardiovascular deaths among adult patients with type 2 diabetes and established cardiovascular disease.
This diabetes drug is not indicated for type 1 diabetes mellitus and diabetic ketoacidosis.
This is available in Jardiance 25 mg and 10 mg tablets.
Jardiance Mechanism of Action
This drug is a sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor. It works by decreasing the renal absorption of filtered glucose and lowering the renal threshold for glucose which, as a result, increases the urinary excretion of glucose. This can also help in excreting sodium through the kidneys.
How to Use Jardiance
Before taking Jardiance, it is necessary to read the information leaflet or medication guide given by a healthcare professional. You must not take any medication unless you have understood all the information regarding it. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for further medical advice or additional details.
This tablet is only meant to be taken by mouth. You may administer your dose with or without a meal. Swallow the tablet entirely and drink a glass of water. You should not cut, chew, or crush Jardiance.
To prevent missing doses, plan your dosing schedule. This is typically given once a day, in the morning. If you forget your dose, take it immediately once you remember unless it is almost time for your next dose. Further, do not increase or decrease your Jardiance dosage as it is based on medical condition and response to treatment. It is also important to keep taking this drug and comply with the recommended diet and exercise for best results.
Jardiance Side Effects
Mild & Common Side Effects:
Severe Side Effects:
-Urinary tract infection (burning/painful urination, pink/bloody urine)
-Kidney problem (changes in urinary output)
-Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar
-Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar
Note that this is not a full/complete list of the side effects of Jardiance.
If you experience severe or persistent adverse reactions, discontinue medication and consult your doctor or any healthcare professional.
Precautions / Warnings
Do not take this oral prescription if you have a known allergy to empagliflozin or any inactive ingredients each tablet contains. Be watchful for signs of a severe allergic reaction, including difficulty breathing, swelling of the face and neck, severe dizziness, hives/itchiness, and skin rashes. Stop taking this drug immediately and seek emergency medical help if this happens.
Certain diseases or disorders may significantly impact how your body will respond to the treatment. Disclose complete medical history to your physician, including dehydration, kidney disease, liver disease, heart failure, low blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, alcohol abuse, and yeast infection. Due to possible drug interactions, you must also discuss all prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, herbal products, and supplements you are taking.
Jardiance and alcohol may interact and cause hypoglycemia and high ketone levels. Alcohol can also aggravate some adverse effects like dizziness, drowsiness, and blurred vision. It is best to avoid consuming alcoholic drinks while taking Jardiance.
Your diabetes could worsen once you get pregnant. Discuss the possible risks of taking this medication throughout pregnancy. Fort breastfeeding moms, it is still unknown if this drug passes into breast milk. You may take this medication if clearly needed.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
1. What is Jardiance used for?
This oral anti glycemic is indicated for type 2 diabetes and is also prescribed to reduce cardiovascular deaths.
2. Does Jardiance cause weight loss?
Yes, this type of medication may cause weight loss.
3. What are the signs of low blood sugar?
Signs of hypoglycemia are palpitations, shaking, sudden sweating, hunger, dizziness, tingling sensation, and blurred vision.
4. What are the signs of high blood sugar?
Signs of hyperglycemia are rapid breathing, fruity breath odor, confusion, drowsiness, flushing, increased urination, and increased thirst. Call your doctor if this occurs.
5. How much does Jardiance cost?
You may check Jardiance prices from this page.