Generic Name: ipratropium bromide and albuterol sulfate
Drug Class: anticholinergic and beta2-adrenergic agonist
Combivent Inhaler Indications
Combivent inhaler is a prescription aerosol used to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among patients who are on a regular aerosol bronchodilator but continue to have evidence of bronchospasm and require a second bronchodilator.
It prevents and treats symptoms such as shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing.
Combivent Inhaler Dosage Forms
This is available in Combivent 20/100 mcg inhalation aerosol.
Combivent Inhaler Mechanism of Action
This inhalation spray combines an anticholinergic and a beta-agonist. It works by impeding the vagally-mediated reflexes by inhibiting the actions of acetylcholine. This results in bronchodilation. Also, it increases the concentration of cyclic AMP, which results in the relaxation of the smooth muscle in the airway, from the trachea to the bronchioles.
How to Use Combivent Inhaler
Before you use this prescription product, you must read the patient information leaflet or brochure that comes with it. Do not use this oral inhaler unless you thoroughly understand all the information and instructions. Ask your doctor or the pharmacist for further information.
This is usually prescribed 2 inhalations, 4 times daily or not exceeding 12 inhalations in 24 hours. Make a dosing schedule so you will not miss your doses. Do not increase/decrease your Combivent Inhaler dosage or use this aerosol more frequently than prescribed.
Step-by-step guide on how to use Combivent Inhaler
- Properly insert the metal canister into the clear base of the mouthpiece.
- Remove the protective dust cap from the mouthpiece.
- Vigorously shake the canister for around 10 seconds and spray it away from you three times.
- Hold the inhalation device in an upright position, with the mouthpiece down.
- Exhale deeply through your mouth.
- Put the mouthpiece in your mouth with your lips sealed tightly around it. Close your eyes to ensure that the medication will not get into your eyes.
- Inhale slowly through the mouth as you press the canister firmly.
- Hold your breath for 10 seconds and exhale slowly.
- Wait for at least two seconds and shake the canister vigorously again for 10 seconds. Repeat steps 5-8.
- Once you are done, replace the protective cap.
- Combivent Inhaler Side Effects
Mild & Common Side Effects:
Severe Side Effects:
-High blood pressure
Note that this is not a full/complete list of the side effects of Combivent Inhaler.
In case of severe or persistent adverse reactions, discontinue medication and contact your doctor.
Warnings and Precautions when using Combivent Inhaler
Do not use this oral inhalation spray if you have an allergy to ipratropium, albuterol, tiotropium, atropine, levalbuterol, other belladonna-type agents, or any inactive ingredients it contains. Signs of serious allergic reactions are severe dizziness, skin rashes, swelling of the face and neck, hives, swollen lymph nodes, and trouble breathing. This must be considered a medical emergency. Immediately call for emergency help if this happens.
This prescription drug may be contraindicated for people with a history of heart disease, hypertension, overactive thyroid, enlarged prostate, glaucoma, diabetes, and seizure. Because of the possibility of drug interactions, you should mention all prescription and over-the-counter medications, supplements, and herbal products that you are taking.
Dizziness, blurring of vision, and vision changes are among the possible side effects of this inhalation. You must practice caution when doing tasks that require clear vision and alertness, especially driving. You should also limit your consumption of alcoholic drinks as it may trigger the adverse effects mentioned.
If you are pregnant/breastfeeding, you should talk to your doctor about the possible risks of this product and the possible effects on unborn babies and breastfed infants.
How much does a Combivent Inhaler cost?
You may see the list of Combivent Inhaler prices on this page.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What is Combivent Inhaler used for?
Combivent Inhaler (generic: ipratropium and albuterol) is prescribed for COPD with chronic bronchitis and emphysema. It is used to prevent & manage symptoms of this lung disease.
Is Combivent a rescue inhaler?
This inhaler should not be used as a rescue medication. It is not indicated for asthma attacks or acute bronchospasm.
Does Combivent contain steroids?
This product does not contain steroids or corticosteroids. This is a combination of an anticholinergic and a beta-agonist.
How long does it take Combivent Inhaler to start working?
This inhalation aerosol does not work immediately. It takes about 15 minutes before this drug starts working.
Should I rinse my mouth after Combivent Inhaler use?
Yes, you should rinse your mouth thoroughly after administering this aerosol. This is to prevent throat irritation and dry mouth.
Do I need a prescription for Combivent inhaler?
You cannot purchase this inhalation aerosol over the counter. You can only buy this product by prescription.