Generic Name: metformin
Drug Class: biguanide
Glucophage is an oral prescription drug used to improve glycemic control among adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. This is prescribed together with proper diet and exercise. It is not indicated for type 1 diabetes and diabetic ketoacidosis.
Glucophage Dosage Forms
This is available in Glucophage 500 mg, 850 mg, and 1000 mg tablets.
Glucophage Mechanism of Action
It works by lowering the basal and postprandial level of plasma glucose of people with type 2 diabetes. It lowers blood glucose production in the liver, lessens glucose absorption in the intestines, and enhances insulin sensitivity by improving peripheral glucose uptake and utilization.
How to Take Glucophage
Before starting to take Glucophage, it is necessary to read the information leaflet or medication guide given by a healthcare professional. It is essential that you understand the directions and uses of any medication before using it. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for further medical advice.
A Glucophage tablet is only meant to be taken by mouth and is usually prescribed one to three times a day. You must take it with a meal and should be swallowed whole. Establish a dosing schedule. Do not increase or decrease your dosage. You should also not take this oral medication more frequently than advised.
This diabetes medication is only an adjunct to proper diet and regular exercise. It may not work as well if lifestyle changes are not applied. Always eat a healthy balanced meal and do exercise regularly.
Glucophage Side Effects
Mild & Comm Side Effects:
-Nausea and vomiting
-Metallic taste in the mouth
Severe Side Effects:
-High blood sugar
-Low blood sugar
Note that this is not a full/complete list of the side effects of Glucophage.
If adverse reactions are severe or persistent, call your doctor immediately.
Warnings and Precautions
Do not take this prescription drug if you have a known allergy to metformin or any inactive ingredients the tablet may contain. Always watch out for signs of serious allergic reactions, such as trouble breathing, swelling of the face and neck, severe dizziness, swollen lymph nodes, hives, or itchy skin. When this happens, stop using the medication as soon as possible and seek emergency medical help.
This medication may be contraindicated for people with a history of lung disease, severe asthma, vitamin B12 deficiency, anemia, liver disease, and kidney disease. In addition, discuss all of your prescription and nonprescription medications, supplements, and herbal products with your doctor in order to avoid any potential drug interactions.
Dizziness, drowsiness, and blurred vision are commonly experienced when the blood sugar is too high or too low. When performing tasks requiring alertness and clear vision, practice safety precautions.
Look out for lactic acidosis while taking this antihyperglycemic drug. Diarrhea, fever, increased sweating, vomiting, and diuretics may lead to dehydration, which can lead to a higher risk of lactic acidosis. Stay hydrated and avoid drinking alcohol.
Metformin can cause menstrual changes and promote ovulation. Thus, increasing the chance of getting pregnant. Talk to your healthcare provider about reliable and safe birth control methods, if necessary.
Due to its potential harm to unborn babies, pregnant women should avoid using this oral drug. It is necessary to discuss all the possible risks with a healthcare provider. Additionally, pregnancy can either cause or worsen diabetes. Talk to the doctor about changes in the treatment plan.
How much does Glucophage cost in Canada?
You can get the best deals on this medication from PharmaPassport.com. Glucophage is a prescription medication so a valid prescription is required when purchasing this product. We also carry generic for a much lower price.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What is Glucophage used for?
Glucophage (generic name: metformin) is used to control high blood sugar levels caused by type 2 diabetes mellitus. It helps prevent complications like kidney damage, nerve problems, sexual dysfunction, and blindness.
Can Glucophage cause weight loss?
Yes, there is a direct link between metformin & weight loss. Diabetic patients taking this drug have reported modest weight loss.
When is the best time to take Glucophage?
You must administer metformin after every meal. This is mostly given thrice a day. It is best to take it at the same time each day.
Can I take Glucophage with alcohol?
Alcohol intake should be restricted when taking this type of drug. This is because alcohol can cause the buildup of lactic acid and may cause kidney damage.
Does Glucophage cause diarrhea?
Yes, this anti-diabetes drug may cause diarrhea and stomach upset. However, if you experience persistent diarrhea and vomiting, you must notify your physician.