Generic Name: zonisamide
Drug Class: anticonvulsants
Zonegran is an oral prescription drug used as an adjunct therapy for partial seizures among adults with epilepsy. This is the type of seizure that only affects a small area of the brain and does not affect awareness.
This is available in Zonegran 25 mg, 50 mg, and 100 mg capsules.
Zonegran Mechanism of Action
The precise action of this anticonvulsant is unknown. However, it is thought that it can block sodium channels and reduce voltage-dependent and transient inward currents, which stabilizes neuronal membranes and suppresses neuronal hypersynchronization.
How to Take Zonegran
Before taking Zonegran, it is necessary to read the information leaflet or medication guide given by a healthcare professional. It is vital that you understand the uses and directions of any medication before taking it. Your doctor or pharmacist can provide you with further medical advice.
The capsule is only meant to be taken by mouth. This is often given once or twice a day. It can be consumed with or without food. Swallow the capsule entirely and drink plenty of water to prevent kidney stone formation.
Make a dosing schedule. Do not increase or decrease your dosage. Your physician may initiate with a low dose and gradually increase your dose as you go on with the treatment. You should not also take this oral drug more frequently than advised.
Zonegran Side Effects
Mild & Common Side Effects:
-Loss of appetite
-Lack of coordination
Severe Side Effects:
-Mental or mood problems
-Sudden back, side, or abdominal pain
-Changes in urine output
-Yellowish eyes and skin
Note that this is not a full/complete list of the side effects of Zonegran.
If you get severe or persistent side effects, stop taking the drug and contact your doctor or another health care expert.
Warnings and Precautions
Do not take Zonegran if you have a known allergy to zonisamide or any inactive ingredients the capsule may contain. Pay attention to any signs of serious allergic reactions, including difficulty breathing, swelling of the face and neck, severe dizziness, swollen lymph nodes, and hives/itchiness. In this case, you should cease taking the medication and seek medical attention.
This medication may be contraindicated for people with a history of lung or breathing problems, persistent diarrhea, metabolic acidosis, kidney disease, liver disease, or mental or mood problems. You should also discuss all of your prescription and nonprescription medications, vitamins, and herbal products with your doctor owing to the possibility of drug interactions.
Dizziness and drowsiness are among the common adverse reactions to this medication. Practice safety caution when doing tasks that would need alertness, especially driving. You must also limit drinking alcohol while taking this capsule.
Zonisamide is likely to make you sweat less, which can cause heatstroke. Avoid doing activities that can make you overheat, such as using hot tubs and doing strenuous exercise in hot weather. You must also stay hydrated and dress lightly.
Pregnant moms must avoid this oral drug as it is likely to cause harm to unborn babies. For breastfeeding moms, it is also known to pass into breast milk. Talk to your doctor about all the possible risks of taking this medication.
What is the cost of Zonegran?
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What is Zonegran used for?
Zonegran (zonisamide) is a medication indicated to prevent and control partial seizures. This is classified as an anticonvulsant.
Can I take Zonegran for migraine?
Some physicians prescribe this medication for migraine. It has been effective in preventing migraine attacks.
Is Zonegran used for weight loss?
Technically? Zonisamide is not indicated for weight loss. But according to studies on Zonegran & weight loss, because of its appetite suppression effects, this medication can cause weight loss.
What are the Zonegran side effects in adults?
Among the usual side effects of this anticonvulsant are dizziness, drowsiness, lightheadedness, and loss of appetite. Most adult patients are reported to have these adverse effects.
Is Zonegran better than Topamax?
Topamax vs Zonegran – Weight loss is a shared adverse effect of this medication. However, Topamax is mainly used for migraine, whereas the latter is used for epilepsy.
Can Zonegran cause hair loss?
There is no direct link between Zonegran & hair loss. Hair loss is not among the reported adverse effects of this medication.
Is Zonegran over the counter?
This product is a prescription medication. You need to present a valid prescription when purchasing this product from any pharmacy.